Born September 16, 1961 in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg)
1983 - graduated from the economics faculty of Leningrad State University
1983-1984 and 1987-1990, assistant professor of international economic relations at Leningrad State University
1987 - received a graduate degree in economics from Leningrad State University, specialized in the modern capitalist economy.
1990- 1992 - senior researcher, then deputy director of the department to study St. Petersburg’s regional economic problems at the Financial-Economic Institute
1992- 1993 - deputy head of the Work Center for Economic Problems of the Government of the Russian Federation
April 26, 1993 - appointed head of the Group of Analysis and Planning of the Prime Minister of the Russian Federation.
Illarionov - together with Sergei Vasilyev - took part in drafting the Russian Government program passed in the summer of 1993
Feb. 7, 1994 - Illarionov applied for early retirement, accusing Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin of "economic backsliding."
Feb. 9, 1994 - dismissed for “breach of working discipline" (Illarionov stayed away from work for three days and without the knowledge of Chernomyrdin gave lectures in Birmingham, United Kingdom from January 17 to January 20, 1994)
1994 - became director of the Institute for Economic Analysis
June 1998 - became a co-founder of the ultra-liberal socio-political association "The Northern Capital"
July 10, 1998 - joined the Governmental Commission on Economic Reform.
April 2000 - appointed adviser to the President of the Russian Federation on economic matters
December 2005 - resigned position after conflicting with President Putin over the economic direction of the country
On 21 December 2005, Illarionov declared "This year Russia has become a different country. It is no longer a democratic country. It is no longer a free country".
In October 2006, Illarionov was appointed senior researcher of the Center for Global Liberty and Prosperity of the US libertarian think tank Cato Institute in Washington
Married. (His wife is a U.S. citizen.)