Born in 1951 in Tumen region, Uporovsk district, village Suerka.
In 1973 graduated from Tumen Industrial Institute, profession - oil and gas wells drilling.
Doctor of Economic Sciences. Member of the Academy of Mining Sciences and Academy of Natural Sciences, Corresponding Member of the Academy of Technological Sciences.
In 1976 Bogdanov was transferred to Surgut where he worked as a technologist.
In 1978 was appointed head deputy of Yuganskneftegaz drilling administration.
From 1980 - Surgutneftegaz general director deputy.
From 1983 occupied the position of Glavtumenneftegaz head of drilling deputy.
Worked on oil extracting enterprises in Nizhnevartovsk, Nefteyugansk and Surgut.
In 1984 was appointed head of production association Surgutneftegaz that was turned later into a joint-stock company.
From 1985 to 1993 - deputy of the Tyumen Regional Council of People's Deputies.
In 1990 graduated from the Academy of National Economy. Member of Academy of Mining Sciences and Academy of Natural Sciences.
In December 2000, became a trustee to Sergei Sobyanin at the election compaign of Governor of the Tyumen region.
On January 14, 2001 - deputy of the Duma of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District.
Since 1984 he has been the General Director of Surgutneftegaz, which became a private company in 1993.
In June 2001 Forbes claimed that Bogdanov was the third wealthiest Russian with $1.6 billion.
He is married, 1 child.