Ankara, February 19 - Neftegaz.RU.
Russia transferred over 500 million cu m (mcm) of natural gas to Europe from Turkey via the TurkStream natural gas pipeline during its 1st month of operations in January 2020, Turkish Daily Sabah reported.
An export gas pipeline stretching from Russia to Turkey across the Black Sea through two routes, each with a capacity of 15.75 billion cu m (bcm) of gas per year, TurkStream
started the commercial transfer of Russian gas to Turkey and Europe on Jan.1.
It was inaugurated on Jan. 8 in Istanbul in a ceremony
with the participation of President Recep Erdoğan and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin.
Described as the epitome of the energy cooperation between Turkey and Russia, TurkStream aims to provide an uninterrupted and direct gas supply to Turkey and southeastern European countries from Russia.
The first leg of TurkStream, operating at a capacity of 15.75 bcm, delivers Russian gas to the Turkish network, while the 2nd leg transports gas out of Turkey to European markets, particularly southeastern European countries, namely, Bulgaria, Greece, North Macedonia, Serbia
It has so far transmitted 506.3 mcm of gas to Europe from Turkey via Bulgaria. Under international agreements signed with Turkey, the Turkish treasury will receive monthly transit fees for every cu m transferred.
The pipeline is planned to replace the Trans Balkan Pipeline (TBP), which had been using Ukraine as a transit to supply
gas to Turkey, Bulgaria and Southeast Europe. TurkStream aims to expand the Bulgarian network and connect it to Serbia to transfer the Russian gas to the Serbia-Hungary border.
It is estimated that the annual 25 bcm flowing through the TBP will drop, and up to 19 bcm per year will be removed from Ukrainian transit throughout 2020.