The Power of Siberia gas pipeline that will carry Russian natural gas to China is moving ahead of schedule, with 740 km of the 3,000-km structure already built, Gazprom’s chief executive Alexei Miller told on May 15, 2017.
Miller was also quoted as saying that Gazprom will settle the main terms of the deliveries via the Power of Siberia soon.
The pipeline is a key element in a 30-year gas supply deal between Moscow and Beijing worth $400 billion in total.
Under the terms of the deal, signed in 2014, the China National Petroleum Corporation, or CNPC, will buy 38 billion cubic meters of natural gas from Gazprom annually, starting in 2025.
Before that year, it will be receiving smaller amounts of the fuel.
The full 38-billion cubic meter volume represented a 5th of China’s oil consumption in 2014 and 60 % of its imports in that year.
The Russian side committed to spend $70 billion, including $35 billion for the construction of the Power of Siberia, $20 billion for field development, and another $15 billion for a gas-treatment plant, to be built on the Russian-Chinese border in partnership with local chemicals major Sibur.
The contract is of strategic importance for the 2 sides, more so for Russia, which needs markets for its gas more than China needs specifically Russian gas deliveries – everyone is eager to export gas to China as Asia’s 2nd-biggest economy shifts away from coal and into less polluting energy sources.
While Gazprom is limited in its choice of markets and is facing stern opposition in the European Union because of its perceived dominant position, China can pick from a host of gas suppliers, including the U.S.
Just last week, Presidents Donald Trump and Xi Jinping struck a deal for U.S. LNG supplies, as well as some goods, to China.
To read the news in Russian.